Western Australia is the largest state in Australia. Encapsulating the entire western coast, it is the second largest administrative sub division in the world. The areas was first explored by the Dutch in the early 1600s, but was colonized only in the 1820s. It was recognized as a state in 1901 with Perth as the capital city. Even in early days new settlements were not developed in the state but at the beginning of the 20th century migration programs helped to draw settlers to the farming land areas.
The area is mostly low lying and is considered infertile and aged according to the geological formation. However it is rich in natural resources making the state the 3 rd largest iron-ore producer and accounts for nearly a half of the countries requirement. Wine is also one of the main industries here. Even though it does not contribute more than 5% of the market, they are considered to be among the best in quality.
There are 7 regions in Western Australia, each having its diverse geological features as well as attractions. Fremantle port area is well known for its historical buildings and water sport activities together with Rottnest Island. A visit to Kings Park is a must for any visitor to Perth, where you can enjoy a panoramic view of the city and the Swan River. In the South West region Margret River is well known for its Wineries and farm land. An outdoor adventurer paradise in Western Australia’s North West is Kimberly's, a vast area of unexplored natural diversity. Broome on the other hand has been a well know pearling port for centuries bringing in a mix of cultures from Asia adding to the variety of the city life.
Australia’s Golden Outback so named for its vast areas of country, mountain and mining fields is considered to be the worlds richest land area. Karlgoolie is the most famous town in the region as the place gold was first discovered and is home to the seemingly non extinguishing gold mine known simply as the Super Pit .